Rome was able to put down the rebellion, but at great cost, as the Republic dissolved into a series of military dictatorships that ended with the assassination of Julius Caesar. Stories have it, that when barbarians invaded Rome, many people from the Venice mainland fled away.
The Renaissance 14th to 16th Century At this point in our brief history of Italy, the disparity among the regions was extreme.
In an interlocking process of choice by lot and voting alternately among the members of the Great Council was introduced to select the next doge.
For the next two hundred years, Rome thrived, ruling over a vast territory stretching from Britain and the Atlantic coast of Europe in the north and west to North Africa and the Middle East in the south and east.
The preliminaries of the peace of Leoben were made even harsher in the treaty of Campoformioand Venice and all her possessions became Austrian. Venice had to cede Argo, Negroponte, Lemnos and Scutari, and pay an annual tribute of 10, golden ducati.
Finally the doge Obelerio and his brother Beato formed an alliance with the Franks of Italy and placed Venice under the authority of the Italian king Pippin died in order to free themselves from Byzantine control. The Venetians agreed to build a fleet of ships to ferry the Crusaders.
Preferring peace to total war against the Turks, Venice surrendered the bases of Lepanto, Modon and Coron. There were some signal successes, including two victories in the Dardanelles in andbut they failed to alter the strategic situation.
Later mainland possessions, which extended across Lake Garda as far west as the Adda Riverwere known as the "Terraferma", and were acquired partly as a buffer against belligerent neighbours, partly to guarantee Alpine trade routes, and partly to ensure the supply of mainland wheat, on which the city depended.
The Doges of Venice: A long succession of serious disputes between leading families concerning the office of doge did not halt the rapid development of trade.
It ended inwith Venice having to lose Crete. However Austrian forces bombarded the city and Venice was forced to surrender in August At the peak of its power and wealth, it had 36, sailors operating 3, ships, dominating Mediterranean commerce.
From his exile in France and later England, he mounted a series of unsuccessful uprisings in Italy, but eventually worked with Garibaldi to achieve their dream of unification. Until the oarsmen in the galleys were free sailors enrolled on a wage. Relations were patched up in and again inbut the Venetians remained embittered.
He removed the gates of the Ghetto and ended the restrictions on when and where Jews could live and travel in the city. However, the city is still threatened by more frequent low-level floods called Acqua alta, "high water" that creep to a height of several centimetres over its quays, regularly following certain tides.
Then in Mussolini built a road from the mainland to Venice. The Spanish ambassador, the Marquis of Bedmar, was wise to the plot, if not the author of it. Gradually a national consciousness developed.
Although the defeat had turned into a victory, the events of marked the end of the Venetian expansion. In revolutions swept Europe and Venice rose in rebellion against the Austrians.
Florence became a large and rich city and in a gold coin called the florin was minted. Italy was officially unified inwith Rome and Latium annexed in and the Trieste region after World War 1. The tradition tells that on this purpose he was the founder of the Venetian Arsenale and of the first fortresses in the Venice surroundings.
The balance was changed by Ludovico Sforza of Milan, who passed on the side of Venice: St Mark then became the patron saint of the city. Beginning in the late 9th century, the doges were chosen by popular election, though the right was frequently abused during times of civil strife. Rumours of sedition and conspiracy were meanwhile circulating in Venice, and there were disturbances between mercenaries of different nationalities enrolled for the war of Gradisca.
In its fleet defeated the pirates of the Adriatic sea, greatly facilitating trade.A BRIEF HISTORY OF FLORENCE, ITALY.
By Tim Lambert. Florence in the Middle Ages.
The great city of Florence was founded by the Romans in 59 BC. It was a colonia, a settlement for retired soldiers and it was called Florentia.
A Brief History of Venice: Italy’s Floating City A city built on the islands of a swampy lagoon on the Adriatic coast of north-eastern Italy, Venice certainly has a unique foundation—in more ways than one.
Brief History of Italy By BC, a number of peoples of different ethnicity and origin shared Italy. Small Greek colonies dotted the southern coast and the island of Sicily. Attempting to put together a brief history of Italy is a challenge, because, due to its location at the center of the Mediterranean trading routes, Italy has had a lengthy and tumultuous history.
Italy and the Mediterranean.
A part of Italy After the Napoleonic period () and the Risorgimento (a failed uprising against the Austrians) the army of Giuseppe Garibaldi began the unification of Italy inand in Venice became part of. It is an alternative-history version of Venice, complete with masquerades, canals and a Doge.
Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice (ca. –) and Othello, The city of Venice in Italy has played an important role in the development of the music of Italy. The Venetian state Country: Italy.Download