Extrapolation might suggest that a quarter of a million young Americans are potential problem users. There is even some evidence that government-sponsored education programs about the dangers of cigarette smoking have deterred many children from beginning to smoke. At the same time, current drug control policies are falling and new proposals promise only to be more costly and more repressive.
Clearly it is possible to avoid repeating the mistakes of the past in designing an effective plan for legalization.
Sentencing Commission has estimated that, largely as a consequence of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act passed by Congress inthe proportion of federal inmates incarcerated for drug violations will rise from one-third of the 44, prisoners sentenced to federal-prison terms today to one-half of thetofederal prisoners anticipated in fifteen years.
Repealing the drug-prohibition laws would dramatically reduce police corruption. Cocaine has sold for about a hundred dollars a gram at the retail level since the beginning of the s.
Alcohol has long been the principal intoxicant in most societies, including many in which other substances have been legally available. At the same time, they saw that more laws and policemen seemed to generate more violence and corruption, more crowded courts and jails, wider disrespect for government and the law, and more power and profits for the gangsters.
If there were a serious public debate on this issue, far more attention would be given to one policy option that has just begun to be seriously considered, but which may well prove more successful than anything currently being implemented or proposed: Of course, even ten billion dollars a year pales in comparison with expenditures on military defense.
In impoverished neighborhoods, they often stand out as symbols of success to children who see no other options. The elusive goal of international drug control since then has been to replicate those unusual successes.
The first is to restrict the general availability and accessibility of illicit drugs, especially in locales where underground drug markets are small and isolated from the community. Like tobacco, many of the illicit substances are highly addictive, but can be consumed on a regular or decades without any demonstrable harm.
It is important to stress what legalization is not. The principal victims, on the other hand, are not the drug dealers, but the tens of millions of Americans who are worse off in one way or another as a consequence of the existence and failure of the drug-prohibition laws.
Formerly, children started dealing drugs only after they had been using them for a while; today the sequence is often reversed: More than a hundred cases of drug-related corruption are now prosecuted each year in state and federal courts. I have asked many people who are current users and they would agree with me when I say that.
Drug-treatment programs in many cities are turning people away for lack of space and funding. Even if we assume that thousands more deaths were related in one way or another to illicit drug abuse but not reported as such, we are still left the conclusion that all of the health costs of marijuana, and, and heroin combined amount to only a small fraction of those caused by tobacco and alcohol.
The prominent media coverage lent an aura of respectability to arguments that just a month earlier had seemed to be beyond the political pale. The evidence is most persuasive with respect to marijuana. Drug-law violators account for approximately 10 percent of the roughlyinmates in state prisons and local jails, and more than one-third of the 44, federal prison inmates.
All the benefits of legalization would be for naught, however, if millions more Americans were to become drug abusers. The intended victims are those who traffic in rugs and suffer the legal consequences. Even when police extort money and drugs from traffickers and dealers, the latter are in no position to report the corrupt officers.
Imagine that Americans could not tell whether a bottle of wine contained 6 percent, 30 percent, or 90 percent alcohol, whether or an aspirin tablet contained 5 or grams of aspirin.
So much of the media attention has focused on the small percentage of cocaine users who become addicted that the popular perception of how most people use cocaine has become badly distorted.
Consumed in their more benign forms, few of the illicit substances are as damaging to the human body over the long term as alcohol and tobacco, and none is as strongly linked with violent behavior as alcohol.
It is not even a call for the elimination of the criminal-justice system from drug regulation-but rather a proposal for the redirection of its efforts and attention. The illicit substances do not share these qualities to the same extent, nor is it likely that they would acquire them if they were legalized.
A minority without self-restraint, however, would end up harming themselves if the substances were more readily available. And as is the case with both the legal substances, the active effects of the various illegal drugs vary greatly from one person to another.Drugs already cause too many problems in this country—legalization would be a disaster.
Drugs Are a Major Social Problem, We Cannot Legalize Them. And no one who works with drug addicts. Illegal drugs represented about $ billion in social costs in —a figure that would increase, because of increased use, under legalization.
4. A central tenet of legalization is that it would eliminate underground drug markets, since drugs would be available openly.
But there is no reason to believe legalization would bring about this result. Approximately $ billion of this revenue would result from the legalization of marijuana, $ billion from legalization of cocaine and heroin, and $ billion from legalization of all other drugs.
“Legalization would reduce state and federal deficits by eliminating expenditure on prohibition enforcement -- arrests, prosecutions, and incarceration --. Drugs Legalization Essay Examples.
An Analysis of the Political Debate Over Drugs and Drug Legalization in the United States. 1, words. 4 pages.
An Argument in Favor of Legalizing Marijuana. An Analysis of the Drugs Legalization as One of the Major Problems of Society. words. Start studying Social Problems ExamII. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Structural-functional analysis: why society creates crime Symbolic-interaction analysis: socially constructing reality -Tolerant view of "soft drugs"-Legalization of marijuana-Support law enforcement for "hard drugs". Overzealous enforcement of the drug laws risks undermining that ethic, and encouraging the creation of a society of informants.
This results in an immorality that is far more dangerous in its own way than that associated with the use of illicit drugs.
The Benefits of Legalization. Repealing the drug-prohibition laws promises tremendous advantages.Download