Paraphrasing enables you to demonstrate that you have understood your reading; it also enables you to help your audience your course assessor!
In other words, make sure you focus on developing your own ideas and refer to other experts only to provide evidence to support your analysis. If your instructor does not indicate a preference, you may choose the style yourself. Is the Internet used by pornographers?
The results of studies often result in statistics. This page contains important information about the types of academic sources you should use for your projects. For example, "mentions" implies a casual relationship to the material, almost an aside; "defends" indicates that the author of the source takes a supportive position to the material; while "observes" suggests an objective or at least less impassioned position.
If you paraphrase or summarize, you still need to tell readers where the information comes from. For this you must pay careful attention to the words you use.
A paraphrase involves restating original information into new language. If the term is important, or you will discuss it at length later, or if no other word will replace it, simply place the word in quotation marks the first time you use it. The summary must be an objective report of the source.
Because of this fact, all writers need to learn how to cite sources properly. The consequences of plagiarism can be quite severe and can range from flunking an individual assignment or class to facing possible expulsion and sometimes even legal consequences. Sometimes this will necessitate adding sentences or phrases to connect a paragraph or series of paragraphs back to the thesis; sometimes a few connecting words like "although," "however," "another example of this," or "in spite of such findings" will be sufficient.
What changes do you need to make in order to account for the available sources?
You might quote and alter the previous sentence this way: You can do that as long as you put the added word in square brackets. If you must use terms from the original, quote them.
Whatever reason you have for needing to summarize, the guidelines below will help you: I will gladly help you figure out what to incorporate in your paper. A great many others are also used in academic writing, e. In such cases you should use ellipses to indicate that material has been omitted.
When in doubt, cite.How to Cite Other Sources in Your Paper [ Table of Contents] outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. The literary writing, is only rarely done in journal style papers.
Cite references in the flow of the text as shown above. Academic Sources for Essays. One last note: Remember that your outside sources should not take over your essay.
In other words, make sure you focus on developing your own ideas and refer to other experts only to provide evidence to support your analysis. How to Use Sources to Write Essays and Evaluate Evidence.
Not only are we encouraged to use outside sources, we are expected to use them. However, in the Information Age, we can be overrun.
Drafting & refocusing your paper: Once your Research is underway you will need to be able to refocus yout thesis and check to make sure you are using your source material correctly.
you must think about what you are going to say in your research essay. Remember that in college writing, research papers, term papers, and research essays. Using Outside Sources for Essays.
You must always provide citation information for the outside sources you choose. It goes without saying that you should not copy material directly without from other sources without crediting it to the original author - there are now numerous methods available for instructors to detect this.
Online Writing Lab Citing Sources Once a source is found and incorporated into an essay, the source needs to be cited. The information that must be included to cite a source depends on the format (MLA, APA, Chicago Manual of Style) that is being used for the essay. However, regardless of format, the purpose of all citations is the same: .Download