The introduction into macroeconomics theories

Optimization of resource allocation - The study of Microeconomics helps in understanding that how a firm or an industry etc can maximize its production efficiency and the profit by appropriate allocation and utilization of resources at its disposal. Adam Smith -is often considered the "father of modern economics.

Two branches within the subject have evolved thus: The economy is part of our collective conscious and a buzzword that links personal finances to big business and international trade deals.

Business cycles can cause short-term drops in output called recessions. In other words, you will be able to satisfy only some of your desires and requirements and not all as you have limited means or resources.

Usually policy is not implemented by directly targeting the supply of money. These distinctions translate to differences in the elasticity responsiveness of the supply curve in the short and long runs and corresponding differences in the price-quantity change from a shift on the supply or demand side of the market.

Sometimes rejected as fringe elements, mainstream economics is today increasingly tolerant of some these ideas and even go so far as try to incorporate alternative theory into its own.

It also makes the claims that firms exist to maximize profit and that markets are efficient.

Introduction to Economics: Basic Concepts and Principles

Thus, if one more Gun costs units of butter, the opportunity cost of one Gun is Butter. According to Ronald Coasepeople begin to organize their production in firms when the costs of doing business becomes lower than doing it on the market.

This method aggregates the sum of all activity in only one market. Classical The introduction into macroeconomics theories theory suggests that unemployment occurs when wages are too high for employers to be willing to hire more workers. General-equilibrium theory studies various markets and their behaviour.

Forms include monopoly in which there is only one seller of a goodduopoly in which there are only two sellers of a goodoligopoly in which there are few sellers of a goodmonopolistic competition in which there are many sellers producing highly differentiated goodsmonopsony in which there is only one buyer of a goodand oligopsony in which there are few buyers of a good.

In the long runall inputs may be adjusted by management. It may be represented as a table or graph relating price and quantity supplied. The only point worth noting: Here, it becomes important for us to understand that various determinants of demand are - Price of the good, price of related goods, income of an individual, advertisement, fashion, fad etc.

Let us further assume that this limited resource is the income of your father earned on monthly basis.Economics Basics: Introduction; What Is Economics? Economics Basics: Supply and Demand tolerant of some these ideas and even go so far as try to incorporate alternative theory into its own.

The basic premise these two economists were putting forward is that the supply of money and the role of central banking play a critical role in macroeconomics.

The generation of this theory takes into account a combination of Keynesian monetary perspectives and Friedman’s pursuit of price stability. Macroeconomics, in its most basic sense, is the branch of economics that deals with the structure, performance, behavior and decision-making of the whole, or aggregate, economy, instead of focusing on individual markets.

On the other hand Macroeconomics looks at a larger picture and is study of economy as a whole. Microeconomics studies the economic behavior of an individual firm, industry, household, consumers etc in an economy.


Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix makro-meaning "large" + economics) is a branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole. This includes regional, national, and global economies. Law and economics, or economic analysis of law, is an approach to legal theory that applies methods of economics to law.

It includes the use of economic concepts to explain the effects of legal rules, to assess which legal rules are economically efficient, and to predict what the legal rules will be.

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The introduction into macroeconomics theories
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